Voici un texte du secrétaire du Parti communiste russe Ziouganov (en anglais) que m’envoie Marianne, mais comme elle va sans doute le traduire du russe, j’attends et je pense que beaucoup de gens lisent l’anglais alors je le publie tel quel vu son intérêt indéniable. (note de danielle Bleitrach)
Asia is the Locomotive of Modern History
Russia is historically the centre of Eurasia. Over millennia the geopolitical “bridge” that linked the two worlds, the two civilizations – European and Asian – passed through our country. It carried both economic cooperation and cultural exchanges between countries thousands of miles away from one another. The waves of conquerors who often subjugated ancient seats of civilization and infrequently destroyed them swept through Russia. The Eurasian dialogue has a checkered history. But for us it has always been exceptionally important . Today, as we prepare to celebrate the 90th anniversary of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics it would not be irrelevant to recall that initially our union state was to be called, and indeed was referred to in some key documents, as the Union of the SovietRepublics of Europe and Asia. Therefore we always follow with interest the work of international conferences of Asian political parties and prepare for them in a most serious way.
The theme of the conference, “Peace – Security – Reconciliation” is more relevant than ever in the geopolitical situation that is emerging.
The signs of the decay of capitalism are evident. All the spheres of that system have been affected: production, finances, politics, culture and morality. A whole group of euro zone countries is facing bankruptcy. In the USA the national debt has topped $16 trillion.
The general crisis of the bourgeois social and economic system has waxed and waned for a century already. Today it is sharpening under our eyes. Those who are advancing the new-fangled globalization theories hope that they will supersede Lenin’s theory of imperialism as the highest stage of capitalism and consign it to oblivion. But to us communists, this doctrine is the ideological and theoretical beacon in analyzing and assessing the modern capitalist economy.
Back in 2002 we gave an assessment of the modern stage in the development of imperialism. The following are the main features of imperialism in the era of globalization:
- Final subjugation of production and industrial capital to financial and speculative capital.
- Final transformation of market relations into an artificial mechanism of coercion, inequitable exchange and plunder of entire countries and peoples.
- The establishment of a global model of “international division of labour” that perpetuates glaring social inequalities on the planetary scale.
- Rapid growth of the political influence of transnational corporations and financial-industrial groups. Their growing claims to unlimited sovereignty.
- The loss by national governments of control over the processes both in world and in their own national economies. Revision of the fundamental norms of international law and the creation of global power structures.
- Information and cultural expansion as a form of aggression. Spiritual uniformity at the most primitive level. Eradication of national specificities of countries and peoples.
- Parasitic nature of transnational capital which reaps all the benefits from the introduction of high technologies while the rest of the world lives in poverty. Decay and qualitative slow-down of scientific and technical progress.
After the collapse of the Soviet Union life on the planet Earth has become much more difficult and dangerous. Numerous simmering conflicts are sharpening. Almost all the countries of the Middle East and North Africa have recently been destabilised. Next to the slaughter in Afghanistan, Iraq and Lebanon, a civil war is being fanned in Syria. Iran and the DPRK are coming under growing pressure. The colonial strategy of the USA and the Western countries that depend on it again puts humankind on the brink of a world war. The reactionary theory of “the war of civilizations” is being actively implemented.The West is claiming to bring “liberty,” “democracy” and “human rights” for the whole world.
The world financial capital is step by step moving to translate their economic dependence into political subjugation. Imperialism has created special institutions to build a system to rule the world. The World Bank, the International Monetary Fund and the World Trade Organisation are among them. For those who resist “peaceful” subjugation to the globalists there is NATO, an institution of military force.
All this is meeting with resistance. That is why the structures of the European Union are splitting at the seams and Ms Merkel gets such an unfriendly reception in Athens from the protesting masses of Greeks. That is why the streets of Spanish cities are turning into an arena of fierce class battles bringing back memories of the battles of the Civil War. The working people are increasingly protesting and resent living as before.
Resistance to globalization American-style is mounting in the world. More and more people and social movements are demanding change: harmonious development of productive forces, reasonable consumption and a caring attitude to nature. Even the advocates of capitalism increasingly promote socialism as its cure. Christian Democrat and former President of the FRG, Koeller, speaks about the collapse of “Anglo-Saxon capitalism” of gamblers and adventurers. Francois Hollande introduces a tax on the rich. In the next two years all the French citizens with an annual income of more than EUR 1 million will be giving 75% of their incomes to the state. Echoing the European leaders, President Obama of the US is trying to rein in the “fat cats” who are getting rich at the peak of the crisis. The bourgeoisie is finding it increasingly difficult to rule “in the old way.”
One of the key trends in the new geopolitical order is the shift of the world economic activity centre to the Asia-Pacific Region (APR), which underscores the protracted character of the crisis in Europe and North America.
According to experts, the global crisis is far from over. In this connection the experience of our neighbour, China, merits attention. It demonstrates that a high rate of economic growth can only be maintained by massive investments in infrastructure.
In this context, maximum use of the economic, scientific and cultural potential of Asian countries opens up, in our opinion, possibilities for long-term and sustainable solution of such universal problems as ensuring food, energy, military and environmental security.
The International Conference is a dialogue of more than 300 political parties, ruling and opposition ones, conservative, liberal and communist, from more than 50 countries in the region, and it offers a unique opportunity to discuss all the significant problems, and, very importantly, to do so without promptings from “well-wishers” outside our region. If influential political forces of the member countries jointly work out proposals for their solution that would guarantee that they will be implemented by governments.
I would now like to mention briefly some of these problems.
1. The problem of infrastructure, energy and transport development of the Asian region is a cornerstone of regional security.
The solution of that task would reduce the asymmetry between the neighbour countries and expand common ground between the participants in the project.
Russia is already moving in this direction. The projects that are already working — the Trans-Siberian Railway, the East Siberia Pacific Oil Pipeline, the Sakhalin-Khabarovsk-Vladivostok gas pipeline, GLONASS and others – could become elements in the future integrated Eurasian infrastructure. The Northern Sea Route, the Trans-Arctic Cable System, the Baikal Amur Railway, etc. could be instruments that would make Eurasia fit more closely in the Pacific economic landscape and provide new links with Europe. The same holds for the Trans-Korean Railway and the Trans-Korean Gas Pipeline. On the whole it could be a collective economic mega-project which the Russian expert community calls “The Eurasian-Pacific Investment Promotion Initiative.”
2. The problem of food security will become one of the key ones in the 21st century. Population growth outstrips the growth of food production in many APR countries and subregions. For example: in 2010 out of the 925 million undernourished people in the world, 578 million lived in the APR countries).
The following are some of the more promising areas of cooperation in this field:
– forming a regional system to monitor and forecast the food situation;
– upgrading the coordination of actions when delivering food relief in emergency situations;
– initiating and implementing joint bio-fuel production projects. One can expect that practical advances in this direction will not only create new jobs but reduce greenhouse gas emissions into the atmosphere.
As part of strengthening food security in the region, Russia’s potential lies in its vast arable lands and huge fresh water resources. In Eastern Siberia and the Far East 50% of arable land is not used. It would be possible to create a joint Regional Grain Fund (similar to the East Asian Rice Fund) with Russian participation.
3. The problem of joint use of water resources is still “a bone of contention” in the relations between a whole number of countries in the region. Counter-productive forces are constantly taking advantage of this to start conflicts of various levels and destabilise the region as a whole. This is an area in which our countries have a highly promising perspectives.
4. A number of countries in the region are involved in drug trafficking. Raising crops, processing and transporting them involves military force creating hotbeds of instability in the corresponding countries. The state is unable to cope with such “hot spots” on its own, so close coordination of actions among all the interested states is necessary.
5. An additional impetus to multi-lateral cooperation in the region could be the creation of a Parliamentary Union of Asian Countries as proposed by our colleagues from the Yeni Azerbaijan party. Such an inter-parliamentary structure could reaffirm at the political level the growing economic potential of Asia and become a collective vehicle for expressing the political will of its peoples.
In general, we propose to recreate in a new shape the “Eurasian bridge” of the closest and effective cooperation between our peoples, countries and continents. Russia, which has for millennia been actively involved in the life both of Europe and Asia, is ready to fulfil its historic mission and be a link between the main centres of civilization of the modern world in this, the most difficult moment of its development.